While the creation of the current Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is the result of negotiations between the government and the MNLF, the Bangsamoro Organic Law was forged following the peace agreement signed by the MILF in 2014 with former President Benigno Aquino III. In 2017, MILF Duterte presented the bowl project developed as part of a peace agreement with the government. Despite a number of lobbyings and some community consultations, the new BBL version received very little support from the legislator. Both houses of Congress mutilated the BTC version and continued to undermine the intention to grant real autonomy to the Bangsamoro – the main reason for all previous agreements, especially the Tripoli agreement. The agreement provided for the creation of an autonomous region, The 13 provinces and cities of Mindanao and Palawan, at the time nine, are: Basilan, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Tawi-tawi, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur – all in Mindanao – and Palawan and its cities. In the same year, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, which had turned away from the MNLF in 1977, began informal discussions with the Ramos-led government. However, the latter were not followed and the MILF began to recruit and establish camps and became a dominant Muslim rebel group. Joseph Estrada`s government had a tough stance towards the MILF; Gloria Macapagal Arroyo`s attempted to sign a peace agreement with her, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.  The 2001 Tripoli Agreement cited the 1997 Ceasefire Agreement, the 1976 Tripoli Agreement, and the 1996 Jakarta Agreement between the Philippine government and the MNLF, as well as an OIC resolution, calling on the government and the MILF to “immediately end armed hostilities and conduct peace talks in order to find a peaceful solution to the existing problem in Mindanao.” The MOA-AD was later declared unconstitutional by 8 votes to 7. But the Supreme Court also recognized that it was “an important part” of a series of agreements needed to implement the peace agreement between the GRP and MILF tripoli signed in 2001 by the government and the MILF. Given that the signing of an agreement with the MNLF, at the request of a world power like the OIC, was not a minor concession for Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos, the agreement was seen as a Pyrrhic victory for the MNLF and a breakthrough for peace. But it has only given False Hope to Filipino voters for peace and has not kept its promise. Ferdinand Marcos would then have to implement the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) composed of ten (instead of thirteen).
This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces.   Despite a series of negotiations between the Manila government and the MNLF and MILF after the 1980s, no agreement could be reached. “The Tripoli agreement was a success. We had peace. We stopped fighting with the MNLF. But in 1986 it was ignored, so some of the agreements reached in the Tripoli agreement were not implemented. .