Armistice Agreements 1949

The blockade culminated on 12 February 1949 with the assassination of Hassan al-Banna, the leader of the Islamist muslim Brotherhood group. Israel threatened to abandon the talks and the United States called on the parties to carry them out. Yemima Rosenthal. Documents on the Foreign Policy of Israel., Vol. 3: Armistice Negotiations with the Arab States, December 1948-July 1949. Jerusalem: Israel State Archives, 1983. In March 1949, when Iraqi forces withdrew from Palestine and ceded their positions to the smaller Jordanian delegation, three Israeli brigades depoerated themselves in advantageous positions in Operation Shin-Tav-Shin and Operation Uvda. The operations enabled Israel to renegotiate the ceasefire line in the southern Negev (which allows access to the Red Sea) and the Wadi Ara area in a secret agreement reached on 23 March 1949 and incorporated into the general ceasefire agreement. The green line was then redesigned in blue ink on the south map to give the impression that a move of the green line had been made. [8] The events that led to a change in the Green Line were an exchange of fertile land in the Bethlehem region under Israeli control and the village of Wadi Fukin, which was handed over to Jordanian control. On 15 July, when the Israeli army expelled the population of Wadi Fukin after the transfer of the village to Israeli-occupied territory under the ceasefire agreement between Israel and the Jordanian kingdom, the Joint Ceasefire Commission decided on 31 August, by a majority, that Israel had violated the ceasefire agreement by de-dering villagers on the demarcation line. , and decided that the villagers could go home.

However, on 6 September, when the villagers returned to Wadi Fukin under the authority of UN observers, they found most of their homes destroyed and were again forced by the Israeli army to return to Jordanian-controlled territory. [9] On 24 February, the ceasefire agreement between Israel and Egypt was signed in Rhodes. [1] The main points of the ceasefire agreement were: a list of 29 complaints is affirmed in the report of 27 October 1953 by the Chief of Staff of the Ceasefire Monitoring Organization. [18] See Appendix I, II and II for a tabular list of complaints filed by Israel and Jordan at the MAC, the number of convictions imposed on each country as a result of Mac-mac investigations by Jordan was presented on 6 April 1954. [22] These alleged violations include alleged Jordanian attacks on an Israeli civilian bus, 11 people killed (see above, 17 March), attacks on Israeli peasants and Bedouins, snipers of Israeli civilians in Jerusalem`s Old City, kidnappings, shooting at civilian aircraft, street attacks and mines. [22] In violation of the agreements, Jordanians denied Jewish access to Jerusalem`s holy sites, banned visits to Rachel`s tomb, and destroyed the Jewish cemetery at Mount of Olives using tombstones for the construction of pavers and latrines. [23] [24] The Uja al-Hafeer demilitarized zone on the Israeli-Egyptian border has been the scene of numerous border incidents and ceasefire violations. In September 1955, Ariel Sharon`s paratroopers entered the area of the United Nations Demilitarized Zone. Benny Morris writes that Sharon “did not realize that the territory of the United Nations was out of control for her men.” [25] On 28 May 1958, Israel reported a shooting in the demilitarized zone of Mount Scopus, in which four Israeli policemen patrolling the botanical gardens of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem were killed by Jordanian fire in Issawiya with the United Nations observer sent to evacuate.

[26] [27] Israel sent soldiers to Jordanian territory for raids in retaliation for incursions by armed persons into Israel. [Citation required] From their positions on the Golan Heights, Syrian troops shelled Israeli settlements in the demilitarized zone, attacked fishing boats on the Kinneret and shot at agricultural workers. [28] (1) UNN.


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Teisha Rowland, PhD, is the author of this blog.


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